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Letea  Forrest


     Letea  talelandscape, a forest as the legends of fairies. The subtropical forests of northern Europe, formed Sand Letea of sandy strips of wood (hasmacuri) developed among the sand dunes. Going through the forest pass through an amazing change of scenery, from subtropical forest to desert in only 200-300 meters.

     In Letea are 500 species of plants and 3,000 species, of which more than 2,000 are insects, over 70% of animal species in the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBR) is considered by specialists Letea Sand as one of the most interesting natural areas in Romania.

     The vegetation consists of meadow oak (Quercus robur) brumăriu oak (Quercus pedunculiflora), white poplar (Populus alba), black poplar (Populus nigra), meadow ash (Fraxinus angustifolia), pond ash (Fraxinus pallisiae), hair (Pyrus pyraster), white linden (Tilia tomentosa), elm (Ulmus foliacea) and very rare black alder (Alnus glutinosa), complemented by a rich coppice (Crataegus monogyna, Ligustrum vulgare, Evonymus europaeus, Cornus mas, Cornus blood Rhamnus frangula , Rhamnus cathartic, Viburnum opulus, Berberis vulgaris, etc.).

     In addition there are climbing plants which gave fame of these places: Periploca graeca, Hedera helix, Vitis sylvestris, humulus lupulus, Clematis vitalba. The carpet plant and other rare species are found: sand bindweed (Convolvulus persicus), Colchicum sand (Merendera sobolifera) and kink (Ephedra dystachia).

     Birds are the eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), even merlin (Falco vespertinus), hoopoe (Upupa epops), dumbrăveanca (Coracias garrulus), Prigoria (Merops apiaster) etc.. Some part of this rare Herpetological fauna: the sand lizard (Eremias arguta) and steppe viper (Vipera ursinii Renard).

     Besides this, the most important are those wild and feral horses. Several hundred wild horses live in Letea and surrounding grasslands. There is nothing more spectacular than a passing herd of wild horses at a gallop over the sand dunes.

     In 1930, part of Forest Letea was put under protection, and in 1938 became a nature reserve. In 1980, Letea was declared Biosphere Reserve and ten years later was listed as strictly protected area DDBR

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